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ethylene glycol structure

Glycerol is a C3 triol and ethylene glycol is also a polyol, but a C2 diol. Synonyms. Anyone can earn This paper describes a comparative molecular dynamics (MD) simulation study of the local structure of pure liquid ethylene glycol (EG), ethylenediamine (ED), and 2-aminoethanol (AE), which are three well-known representatives of 1,2-disubstituted ethanes. IUPAC stands for the International Union of Pure and Applied Chemistry. What is Acetic Acid? Similarly, during the summer season, it acts as a coolant that keeps your vehicle running by preventing the engine's overheating. [{Image src='structural1421472488203222885.jpg' alt='structural' caption=''}]. Polyethylene glycol (PEG; / ˌ p ɒ l i ˈ ɛ θ əl ˌ iː n ˈ É¡ l aɪ ˌ k ɒ l,-ˌ k ɔː l /) is a polyether compound derived from petroleum with many applications, from industrial manufacturing to medicine.PEG is also known as polyethylene oxide (PEO) or polyoxyethylene (POE), depending on its molecular weight.The structure of PEG is commonly expressed as H−(O−CH 2 −CH 2) n −OH. Ring in the new year with a Britannica Membership - Now 30% off. It is completely miscible with water and many organic liquids. The common name ethylene glycol literally means “the glycol derived from ethylene.”. At first a person will feel as if they had a drink of alcohol but sooner or later they'll vomit, become confused, experience nausea, enter into organ failure, and die. 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However, there are two important differences between these two substances: Get access risk-free for 30 days, 1,2-ethanediol 3. It is completely miscible with water and many organic liquids. Ethylene glycol, also called ethane-1,2-diol, the simplest member of the glycol family of organic compounds. III. As in, deadly poisonous. The major byproducts are the ethylene glycol oligomers diethylene glycol, triethylene glycol, and tetraethylene glycol. Omissions? Earn Transferable Credit & Get your Degree. Get the unbiased info you need to find the right school. These include: 1. Industrial Solutions reported lower net sales, primarily driven by lower prices for chemical intermediate. Ethylene glycol is an alcohol having the chemical formula C 2 H 6 O 2. Author of. Corrections? 181 lessons Both can lower the freezing point of a liquid, like water, and therefore be uses as antifreeze and as a de-icer. {{courseNav.course.mDynamicIntFields.lessonCount}} lessons Create your account, Already registered? Ethane-1,2-diol, its IUPAC name. Ethylene glycol is produced from ethylene, via the intermediate ethylene oxide. It has a specific gravity of … A 1:1 solution of ethylene glycol and water boils at 129 °C (264.2 °F) and freezes at −37 °C (−34.6 °F), serving as an excellent coolant in automotive radiators. Ethylene glycol is highly poisonous; animals or humans that drink the solution become very ill and may die. Not sure what college you want to attend yet? As a solvent (dissolves another substance) for paint and plastic industries. The name ethylene glycol refers literally to “the glycol made from ethylene.” Its systematic name...…, Finally, ethylene glycol, which is widely used as an antifreeze agent in automobiles, causes renal damage...…, …freezing temperature decreases appreciably when ethylene glycol is mixed with water.…. Ethylene glycol is the most important glycol commercially available and is manufactured on a large scale in the United States. Select a subject to preview related courses: We'll end this lesson on the note of ethylene glycol's toxicity. Other uses or places for ethylene glycol include but are not limited to: Ethylene glycol should be distinguished from similar substances, namely propylene glycol. 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Molecular Structure: Ethylene glycol is an individual molecule derived from ethylene oxide. (~13~C_2_)Ethane-1,2-diol. Propylene glycol is used as a preservative for food and tobacco. ETHYLENE GLYCOL contains total 9 bond(s); 3 non-H bond(s), 1 rotatable bond(s), 2 hydroxyl group(s) and 2 primary alcohol(s). To learn more, visit our Earning Credit Page. Best Online Bachelor Degree Programs in Information Technology (IT), Top School in Virginia Beach for IT Degrees, Top School in Newport News, VA, for an IT Degree, Top School in Columbia, SC, for IT Degrees, Top School in Lexington, KY, for an IT Degree, Top School in Sarasota, FL, for IT Degrees. Propylene glycol is a lot less toxic than ethylene glycol, As a solvent in paint and plastic industries, To help make batteries, printer ink, pen ink, and synthetic fibers. Structure, properties, spectra, suppliers and links for: Diethylene glycol, 111-46-6. The common name ethylene glycol literally means “the glycol derived from ethylene .”. | {{course.flashcardSetCount}} Mono Ethylene Glycol also known as MEG is a clear, colourless, virtually odourless, and slightly viscous liquid. These include: Similarly, its structure can be shown in different ways, again depending on what specific part of this compound you're trying to show more clearly. Although ethylene glycol has two alcohol groups, its main application is as the main ingredient in antifreeze and not for fuel purposes. The other class of compounds belonging to glycols are polyoxyalkylene glycols, whose chemical structure is shown in Figure 9.42. What are the pros and cons of using propylene glycol for this purpose? In addition to its use in antifreeze, ethylene glycol is used as an ingredient in hydraulic fluids, printing inks, and paint solvents. flashcard set{{course.flashcardSetCoun > 1 ? What is its function and how does it work? Molar Mass: The molar mass of ethylene glycol is 62 g/mol. Ethylene glycol keeps your vehicle running during the winter season by not letting the engine freeze. Just a couple of ounces of ethylene glycol can kill a person, or even a beloved dog or cat. Further, ethylene is also used in agricultural practices to ripen fruits, germination of the seed, etc. Ethylene glycol is a clear, odorless, viscous, sweet tasting, and poisonous alcohol-based liquid. Log in or sign up to add this lesson to a Custom Course. It is used as an antifreeze and coolant, in hydraulic fluids, and in the manufacture of low-freezing dynamites and resins. Synonym: Ethylene glycol monosalicylate, Ethylene glycol salicylate, Salicylic acid 2-hydroxyethyl ester, Salicylic acid ethylene glycol ester Linear Formula: HOC … Articles of Ethylene glycol are included as well. Minteer, in Handbook of Biofuels Production, 2011. Como usar esta imagem fora da Wikipédia. Draw the structural formula of the product of the reaction shown below You do not have to consider stereochemistry. Learn more about ETHYLENE GLYCOL chemical structure at Mol-Instincts. Compre online Ethylene Glycol, Diethylene Glycol, Dioxane and Related Compounds: Carcinogenicity and Structure Activity Relationships: Other Biological Properties: Metabolism: Environmental Significance, de U.S. Environmental Protection Agency na Amazon. credit-by-exam regardless of age or education level. Poly(l-lysine)-g-poly(ethylene glycol) (PLL-g-PEG) is a member of a family of polycationic PEG-grafted copolymers that have been shown to chemisorb on anionic surfaces, including various metal oxide surfaces, providing a high degree of resistance to protein adsorption. Diethylene glycol is an organic compound having the chemical formula C 4 H 10 O 3. By signing up for this email, you are agreeing to news, offers, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica. ; Para usar esta imagem numa página da Wikipédia inserir: [[Imagem:Diethylene glycol structure.svg|thumb|180px|Legenda]] study It's ethylene glycol a clear, odorless, viscous, and sweet tasting alcohol-based liquid. S. Erol Okan, Philip S. Salmon, The Jahn-Teller effect in solutions of flexible molecules: a neutron diffraction study on the structure of a Cu 2+ solution in ethylene glycol , Molecular Physics, 10.1080/00268979500101601, 85, 5, (981-998), (2008). imaginable degree, area of All other trademarks and copyrights are the property of their respective owners. flashcard sets, {{courseNav.course.topics.length}} chapters | It is an odorless, colorless, sweet-tasting, viscous liquid. Ethylene oxide reacts with water to … | 20 REPORT SUMMARY; TABLE OF CONTENTS; The Ethylene Glycol Distearate (EGDS) market was valued at XX.0 Million US$ in 2018 and is projected to reach XX.0 Million US$ by 2026, at a CAGR (Compound Annual Growth Rate) of 5.6% during the forecast period. To unlock this lesson you must be a Study.com Member. Oh, and it's poisonous too if you or your pets drink it. Let us have a look at the ethene structure and formula. KW - Poly(ethylene glycol) Enrolling in a course lets you earn progress by passing quizzes and exams. Ethylene Glycol was first formulated in the 1850’s and is now commercially produced through a chemical reaction between Ethylene Oxide and a catalyst. What's sweet but poisonous? Ethylene is abundantly used in the chemical industry, and the polyethene is extremely produced using ethylene. Is a Master's Degree in Accounting Worth It? Ethylene glycol requires less energy to be pumped around under cold conditions and is better at transferring heat at temperatures below 0 degrees Fahrenheit. All rights reserved. A glycol is an alcohol with two hydroxyl groups on adjacent carbon atoms (a 1,2-diol). There's a 2-dimensional and a 3-dimensional (ball and stick method) way of showin… It is also used as a reagent in making polyesters, explosives, alkyd resins, and synthetic waxes. Ethylene glycol goes by many different names, depending on how chemically specific you want to be. To manufacture synthetic fibers, like Dacron, To help make printer ink and ink for that ballpoint pen you recently used. © copyright 2003-2020 Study.com. Under these conditions, ethylene glycol yields of 90% can be achieved. The initial step in metabolism is the conversion of ethylene glycol to … While this liquid's taste is sweet, the health effects it induces upon animals, including humans, is anything but. C2H6O2. A glycol is an alcohol with two hydroxyl groups on adjacent carbon atoms (a 1,2-diol). and career path that can help you find the school that's right for you. It's also been used as a de-icer for aircrafts as well as a de-icer for airport runways. 2807-30-9 - YEYKMVJDLWJFOA-UHFFFAOYSA-N - Ethylene glycol monopropyl ether - Similar structures search, synonyms, formulas, resource links, and other chemical information. courses that prepare you to earn Chemical structure: This structure is also available as a 2d Mol file or as a computed 3d SD file The 3d structure may be viewed using Java or Javascript. Ethylene Structure. It is mainly used for two purposes, as a raw material in the manufacture of polyester fibers and for antifreeze formulations. - Formula, Structure & Uses, Biological and Biomedical (image will be uploaded soon) Structure of Ethylene Glycol. 104700-12-1. Ethylene glycol (also called 1,2-ethanediol, molecular formula HOCH 2 CH 2 OH) is a colourless, oily liquid possessing a sweet taste and mild odour. Ethylene glycol-TMS, diethylene glycol-TMS, and glycerol-TMS 30 m DB-1 column or 30 m DB-5 column, 60–175° at 4°/min. This poison can damage the liver, kidneys, brain, and lungs. It is mainly used for two purposes, as a raw material in the manufacture of polyester fibers and for … 2-Hydroxyethanol 4. Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox. Nope, not sugar. Updates? Molecular Formula. first two years of college and save thousands off your degree. It is miscible with water, alcohols, and many organic compounds, and has the molecular formula C 2 H 6 O 2, CAS: 107-21-1. … Antifreeze (commonly ethylene glycol or propylene glycol) is usually mixed with water in the radiator of a car. Ethylene glycol is similar in structure to glycerol. DTXSID40583948. Visit the UPSEE Paper 3: Study Guide & Test Prep page to learn more. This lesson goes over this substance's properties, names, structures, and formula. It is produced commercially from ethylene oxide, which is obtained from ethylene. Frete GRÁTIS em milhares de produtos com o Amazon Prime. The name ethylene glycol refers literally to “the glycol made from ethylene.” Its systematic name... Save 30% off a Britannica Premium subscription and gain access to exclusive content. Create an account to start this course today. The hydroxyl groups on glycols undergo the usual alcohol chemistry, giving a wide variety of possible derivatives. Log in here for access. Encontre diversos livros escritos por U.S. Environmental Protection … 's' : ''}}. Monoethylene glycol Similarly, its structure can be shown in different ways, again depending on what specific part of this compound you're trying to show more clearly. Ethylene glycol, also called ethane-1,2-diol, the simplest member of the glycol family of organic compounds. Its most common use is as an automotive antifreeze. Alternative names for ethylene glycol include: Remember, despite its many beneficial uses, ethylene glycol is deadly poisonous if ingested! - Definition, Symptoms & Treatment, What Is Rhinoplasty Surgery? You can test out of the Artem has a doctor of veterinary medicine degree. 11.5 Bio-ethylene glycol. Working Scholars® Bringing Tuition-Free College to the Community. Sciences, Culinary Arts and Personal Advanced Search | Structure Search ... as well as exogenous substrates including benzene, carbon tetrachloride, ethylene glycol, and nitrosamines which are premutagens found in cigarette smoke. KW - Liposomes. What is the Difference Between Blended Learning & Distance Learning? Any suspicion that you, someone else, or your pet just drank ethylene glycol should be taken seriously and should be addressed by a licensed medical professional without any delay. Ethylene glycol is also known as Monoethylene glycol. - Uses, Structure & Formula, Over 83,000 lessons in all major subjects, {{courseNav.course.mDynamicIntFields.lessonCount}}, Alcohols & Alkanols: Classification & Functional Group, What is Ethanol? Ethylene Glycol (C2H6O2) - Ethylene glycol is the first member of the series of alkane diols and is also known as glycol. It is the accumulation of the acidic metabolites produced by this process that are responsible for toxicity. Chemsrc provides Ethylene glycol(CAS#:107-21-1) MSDS, density, melting point, boiling point, structure, formula, molecular weight etc. 11 months ago. Study.com has thousands of articles about every Let us know if you have suggestions to improve this article (requires login). Ethylene glycol is a colorless, practically odorless, low-volatility, low-viscosity, hygroscopic liquid. Majority Influence, Minnesota Science Standards for Kindergarten, Wisconsin Science Standards for 4th Grade, National Science Standards for Elementary School, Tech and Engineering - Questions & Answers, Health and Medicine - Questions & Answers. Ethylene glycol (IUPAC name: ethane-1,2-diol) is an organic compound with the formula (CH2OH)2. S.D. There's a 2-dimensional and a 3-dimensional (ball and stick method) way of showing its structure. - Definition, Causes, Symptoms & Treatment, Food Aversions During Pregnancy: Definition & Treatment, HELLP Syndrome: Definition, Symptoms & Treatment, Quiz & Worksheet - Sources & Benefits of Protein, ILTS Science - Earth and Space Science Flashcards, Basic Terms & Skills in Biological Science, Cell Membrane Model, Components & Transport, California Sexual Harassment Refresher Course: Supervisors, California Sexual Harassment Refresher Course: Employees. Ethylene glycol is used in many different applications, but it's also famous for being a deadly poison. 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Did you know… We have over 220 college Let's cover this sweet poison's structure, formula, and uses. Ethylene glycol undergoes enzymatic metabolism, principally in the liver and kidneys. https://www.britannica.com/science/ethylene-glycol, National Center for Biotechnology Information - PubChem - Ethylene glycol, The Essential Chemical Industry - Ethylene glycol, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention - Ethylene Glycol, Hyperphysics - Ethylene and Propylene Glycol. Our editors will review what you’ve submitted and determine whether to revise the article. This preliminary study showed that the ATR-FTIR technique is capable of qualitatively describing the hydration of the PEG-layer of stealth liposomes, which is in connection with the structure of the polymer on the liposomal surface. Ethylene glycol is a colorless liquid with the chemical formula C2H6O2. Ethylene glycol goes by many different names, depending on how chemically specific you want to be. { image src='structural1421472488203222885.jpg ' alt='structural ' caption= '' } ] literally means “ the derived. Poisonous ; animals or humans that drink the solution become very ill and die... Lower the freezing point of a car available and is now commercially produced through a chemical between. Or humans that drink the solution become very ill and may die specific you want to be transferring. A subject to preview related courses: We 'll end this lesson must! Responsible for toxicity for ethylene glycol goes by many different applications, but a C2 diol alcohol groups its... Low-Volatility, low-viscosity, hygroscopic liquid stories delivered right to your inbox in agricultural practices ripen! By the vibrational spectroscopy and isothermal compressibility techniques sweet tasting alcohol-based liquid alcohol. Risk-Free for 30 days, just create an account for the International Union of Pure Applied. Low-Volatility, low-viscosity, hygroscopic liquid uses as antifreeze and not for fuel purposes year with a large in! Induces upon animals, including humans, is anything but a polyol, but a diol. Manufacture synthetic fibers, like water, and uses for: diethylene glycol an... Fibers and for antifreeze formulations thousands off your degree glycol oligomers diethylene glycol, triethylene,... Study.Com member m DB-1 column or 30 m DB-1 column or 30 m DB-1 column or 30 m DB-5,. Glycol requires less energy to be conditions, ethylene glycol antifreeze but also referred as. Caption= '' } ] miscible with water in the liver, kidneys,,... Glycol for this email, you are agreeing to news, offers, and information Encyclopaedia. Animals, including humans, is anything but OH, and other information... Britannica Membership - now 30 % off EG and industrial glycol between these substances. Atoms ( a 1,2-diol ) liquid 's taste is sweet, slightly viscous liquid boils! Editors will review what you ’ ve submitted and determine whether to revise article! Usually mixed with water and many organic liquids Sciences, Culinary Arts Personal! A deadly poison if ingested polyol, but a C2 diol tasting alcohol-based liquid of the seed,.... Can be achieved uses as antifreeze and as a raw material in the of! You recently used below you do not have to consider stereochemistry resource links, and chemical... Vehicle running by preventing the engine 's overheating, properties, spectra, suppliers and links for: diethylene,. A wide variety of possible derivatives of college and save thousands off degree. Shown below you do not ethylene glycol structure to consider stereochemistry, hygroscopic liquid person, or a! Chemical formula C2H6O2 you have suggestions to improve this article ( requires login ) 's in! Glycol ( IUPAC name: ethane-1,2-diol ) is an individual molecule derived from ethylene. ” antifreeze also... Glycol or propylene glycol is an alcohol having the chemical formula C 2 6... The seed, etc, including humans, is anything but ( and... Lesson to a Custom Course delivered right to your inbox animals, including,! With two hydroxyl groups on adjacent carbon atoms ( a 1,2-diol ) 's degree in Accounting it! Sweet tasting, and therefore be uses as antifreeze and coolant, in Handbook of Biofuels Production 2011... Atoms ( a 1,2-diol ) a raw material in the United States lesson goes over this substance 's,! Alcohol-Based liquid glycol for this purpose com O Amazon Prime or propylene glycol ) is alcohol! The major byproducts are the pros and cons of using propylene glycol for this email, you are agreeing news... The accumulation of the product of the reaction shown below you do not have to consider stereochemistry a C3 and. The United States most important glycol commercially available and is better at transferring heat at temperatures below degrees! Ink and ink for that ballpoint pen you recently used water in manufacture! And as a coolant that keeps your vehicle running by preventing the engine 's overheating liquid 's taste is,! To find the right school for: diethylene glycol, also called ethane-1,2-diol, the simplest member the. Formulas, resource links, and tetraethylene glycol look at the ethene structure and formula, kidneys, brain and! Alcohol groups, its main application is as the main ingredient in and. To add this lesson you must be a Study.com member as ethylene glycol means... Page to learn more ball and stick method ) way of showing its structure do not have to stereochemistry... Triol and ethylene glycol is used as a raw material in the manufacture of polyester fibers and for formulations! 2807-30-9 - YEYKMVJDLWJFOA-UHFFFAOYSA-N - ethylene glycol, commonly referred to as ethylene glycol is an alcohol with two groups... Can kill a person, or even a beloved dog or cat by preventing the 's! Also known as MEG is a colorless liquid with the formula ( CH2OH ) 2 two important between! In many different names, structures, and sweet tasting ethylene glycol structure liquid has a specific gravity …! - Definition, Symptoms & Treatment, what is its function and how does it work making polyesters,,! Tasting alcohol-based liquid glycol 's toxicity and poisonous alcohol-based liquid explosives, alkyd resins, and tetraethylene.!, practically odorless, viscous liquid & Recovery, what is Scoliosis and Personal Services, commonly to... 'S properties, spectra, suppliers and links for: diethylene glycol, also ethane-1,2-diol... Principally in the radiator of a liquid, like water, and sweet tasting alcohol-based liquid whether to the..., commonly referred to as ethane-1,2-diol, MEG, EG and industrial glycol and exams your...

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