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propylene glycol uses

National Center for Biotechnology Information. Propylene glycol is one of these chemicals. Propylene glycol is used in antibacterial lotion, and hand sanitizer liquids. By attracting water from the air it works well in moisturisers and hair-care products by locking in moisture. Some of these health risks include lung damage and lung disease.. Propylene glycol is used in a variety of products and manufacturing processes. Alongside vegetable glycerin, propylene glycol is the major ingredient in the liquids (e-liquids) used in e-cigarettes. Propylene glycol is also used to make polyester compounds and as a base for de-icing solutions. 184.1666 Propylene glycol, Propylene glycol in contact dermatitis: A systematic review, Update: Product, substance-use, and demographic characteristics of hospitalized patients in a nationwide outbreak of e-cigarette, or vaping, product use–associated lung injury — United States, August 2019–January 2020, Influence of the e-cigarette emission profile by the ratio of glycerol to propylene glycol in e-liquid composition, As an anticaking agent, helping to prevent lumps from forming in food. Some of these functions are: The use of propylene glycol in foods is common and generally considered to be safe. Propylene glycol is an alcohol that absorbs water and mixes completely with many solvents. ACS Omega. Propylene glycol is used as a solvent and extractant. This also helps to preserve them. Ooi B, Dutta D, Kazipeta K, Chong N. Influence of the e-cigarette emission profile by the ratio of glycerol to propylene glycol in e-liquid composition. U.S. Food and Drug Administration. Different Application Uses for Propylene Glycol. It is generally considered safe. Propylene glycol is a small organic alcohol commonly used as a skin conditioning agent. These crystals then build up in the heart, lungs and kidneys which could cause permanent damage. Verywell Health uses only high-quality sources, including peer-reviewed studies, to support the facts within our articles. The blog, its authors and affiliates accept no responsibility for any accident, injury or damage caused in part or directly from following the information provided on this website. Not to be confused with its dangerous relative, ethylene glycol, PG is a non-toxic substance that has been recognised as safe by the FDA. Propylene glycol (PG) is an extremely hygroscopic compound with a colourless and odourless appearance. Its miscibility with water enables PG to be used as a solvent for insoluble pharmaceutical formulations. This exposure could be through cosmetic products. What Do The Different Grades Of Chemical Mean? Propylene glycol. It is used to absorb extra water and maintain moisture in certain medicines, cosmetics, or food products. . Foods. Propylene glycol is used in a range of oral, topical and intravenous medicines. Propylene glycol is miscible with water, acetone, and chloroform as well. The characteristic sweet smell and taste of ethylene glycol has led to many children and pets accidentally consuming it. Propylene glycol’s hygroscopic properties are also important in its food applications. American Lung Association. Propylene glycol is also used to create artificial smoke or fog used in fire-fighting training and in theatrical productions. This is why it is known as being non-bio-accumulative, as it doesn’t build up in our bodies. While you might see propylene glycol described as an organic compound, this does not mean it’s naturally occurring. Sodium thiosulphate (Na2S2O3) is an inorganic salt compound that is chiefly used as an antidote for cyanide poisoning. used as antifreeze, dicing solution, and as an additive to latex paints and coatings to improve freeze … Some people may experience skin irritation or develop contact dermatitis from frequent exposure to propylene glycol. It has been associated with irritant and allergic contact dermatitis as well as contact urticaria in humans; these sensitization effects can be manifested at propylene glycol concentrations as low as 2%. The liquid that is used in an e-cigarette cartridge often contains vegetable glycerin and propylene glycol. Deicing Fluid. Propylene glycol is a synthetic liquid that’s used for a variety of purposes in the pharmaceutical, cosmetics, food and manufacturing industries. Doch was ist richtig? Propylene glycol can be used in different forms of drugs including oral drugs like capsules and tablets, topical drugs like creams and gels, and intravenous (injected) drugs. In general, glycols are non-irritating and have very low volatility. These are also mixed with flavourings and nicotine. It can be used as an emulsifier or co-surfactant. People with damaged kidneys or livers may have more trouble clearing propylene glycol from their systems compared to healthy adults. Other reported uses include skin-conditioning agent, viscosity-decreasing agent, solvent, and fragrance ingredient. Propylene glycol is a commonly found ingredient in cosmetic, personal, and skin care products. It is a solvent for fragrances and preservatives. Propylene glycol antifreeze, on the other hand, is a non-toxic alternative. It also has a very low level of toxicity. Sec. Unlike similar substances like ethylene glycol, propylene glycol does not form harmful crystals as it’s being broken down in the body. Unlike ethylene glycol, however, propylene glycol is not toxic and is used extensively in foods, cosmetics, and oral hygiene products as a solvent, preservative, and moisture-retaining agent. Public health statement: Propylene glycol. One reason propylene glycol is used in various food products is because it doesn’t react on its own, allowing it to do its job without affecting other ingredients. Propylene glycol in personal care products It is an effective humectant. Hydraulic Fluid. Its hygroscopicity and miscibility also makes PG an excellent humectant as it can keep foods, like baked goods, moist. here are many different applications for propylene glycol. Antioxidant. Glycerin is a viscous substance, and its presence in e-liquid helps to make the vapour clouds thicker. Propylene glycol is widely used as a solvent in drug manufacturing. The blog on chemicals.co.uk and everything published on it is provided as an information resource only. This medication is used as a moisturizer to treat or prevent dry, rough, scaly, itchy skin and minor skin irritations (e.g., diaper rash, skin burns from radiation therapy). This is because if it is consumed, it is converted into two harmless chemicals: acetic acid (also known as vinegar) and pyruvic acid (a normal production of the glucose-metabolism process). It helps to prevent sticking of food substances and the formation of clumps. This change didn’t happen because propylene glycol was better performing than ethylene glycol, but because it was less toxic. Other names for propylene glycol are 1,2-dihydroxypropane, 1,2-propanediol, methyl glycol, and trimethyl glycol. CFR - Code of Federal Regulations Title 21. Other studies also indicate that propylene glycol is converted into cancer-causing compounds when it’s heated up in the e-cigarettes. Studies on these risks posed by e-cigarettes are still ongoing and the risks are yet to be conclusively defined. Tobacco Products. Propylene glycol is used in a range of oral, topical and intravenous medicines. It may form up to 97% of the contents of seasonings and flavorings, 24% of confections and frosting, and 5% of alcoholic beverages and nuts/nut products, For dairy products and all other food products, the maximum concentrations of propylene glycol are 2.5%, and 2% respectively. Propylene glycol is widely used as a solvent in drug manufacturing. Updated January 21, 2015. food, or topical medications. Cosmetics include personal care products such as antiperspirants and deodorants. 1,2-DIHYDROXYPROPANE, 1,2-PROPANEDIOL, 2-HYDROXYPROPANOL, METHYLETHYL GLYCOL, … 11b – 13 Aston Fields Road, Whitehouse Industrial Estate, Runcorn, Cheshire, WA7 3DL. Its miscibility with water and other solvents makes propylene glycol suited to a range of applications. E-cigarettes contain several chemicals, the safety of which has come under dispute time and time again. Health risks of e-cigarettes and vaping. Kidney and Liver Damage . How to Choose the Best CBD Oil for Pain, Anxiety, and More, Public health statement: Propylene glycol, CFR - Code of Federal Regulations Title 21. Is Isopropanol The Same As Isopropyl Alcohol? Propylene glycol (IUPAC name: propane-1,2-diol) is a viscous, colorless liquid, which is nearly odorless but possesses a faintly sweet taste. Propylene glycol finds broad use as a humectant in the pharmaceutical, cosmetic, animal food and tobacco industries. To mimic smoke, propylene glycol is converted to extremely tiny droplets by e-cigarettes. Otherwise, let’s jump in to the five uses of propylene glycol. How Is Propylene Glycol Used in Food? PG is non-irritating, has a low volatility and it also acts as an emulsifier. At ReAgent, we sell propylene glycol and non-toxic antifreeze with a promise of 100% quality guarantee. It is also used as a drug stabiliser and as a solvent. Industrial propylene glycol is also used in paints and coatings for wear and weather protection, as an aircraft de-icer, in liquid detergents, antifreeze, and as a solvent in printing ink. Finally, it is used to dilute and stabilize medicines. Propylene glycol is also used as a carrier in drug formulations. Propylene Glycol Uses. Propylene glycol is used in the following ways in foods: Anti-Caking Agent. Its chemical formula is CH3CH(OH)CH2OH. January 2020 UPDATE: Recent illnesses have been associated with use of e-cigarettes (vaping). Ⓒ 2020 About, Inc. (Dotdash) — All rights reserved. This means that it’s used to dissolve other substances (usually solid) without changing their fundamental structure or composition. While it’s a liquid, propylene glycol can become vapor in the air when it is heated or shaken vigorously. Propylene glycol is generally considered safe and non-toxic by the US Food and Drug Administration (FDA). Propylene glycol is also used to create artificial smoke or fog used in fire-fighting training and in theatrical productions. It has the... read more, Absolute Ethanol Acetic Acid (CH3COOH) Acetone Ammonia Solutions (NH3) Antifreeze Battery Acid Brick Acid Buffer Solutions Caustic Soda Citric Acid (C6H8O7), Deionized Water Demineralised Water Denatured Alcohol (IMS) Dichloromethane (CH2Cl2) Distilled Water EP Water Ethylene Glycol Formaldehyde (CH2O) Glycerol/Glycerine/Glycerin Hydrochloric Acid (HCL), Isopropyl Alcohol Methylated Spirits Methylene Chloride Monopropylene Glycol Nitric Acid (HNO3) Phosphoric Acid (H3PO4) Polyethylene Glycol (PEG) Potassium Hydroxide (KOH) Potassium Permanganate Propylene Glycol, Silver Nitrate (AgNO3) Sodium Hydroxide (NaOH) Sodium Hypochlorite (NaClO) Sodium Thiosulphate Sulphuric Acid (H2SO4) Ultrapure Water Water (Purified) Xylene ...VIEW ALL PRODUCTS. Propylene glycol is commonly used as an excipient in a variety of drugs and it is also authoris ed in food products and cosmetics. Containing two alcohol groups, it is classed as a diol. If you’ve ever been to a theatrical performance or music concert where artificial smoke is used, the clouds more often than not contain propylene glycol. We are based in Cheshire, England and have been established since 1977. Not only does PG soften the skin and hair by attracting moisture, it also limits the growth of bacteria and gives cosmetic products a longer shelf-life. Only within the past few years has propylene glycol been used in a new version of antifreeze that replaces ethylene glycol based formulations. Cosmetics. It is in anywhere from 26.4% to 37.8% of registered personal care products. Propylene glycol is a versatile substance and carries out many functions in the product formulations its included in. Propylene glycol is used in pharmaceuticals, as a drug vehicle (for example as a U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA)-approved solvent for intravenous diazepam) and preservative. But what is sulphuric... read more, Tetrahydrofuran (THF) is made up of four carbon atoms, eight hydrogen atoms, and one oxygen atom. Propylene glycol is a synthetic substance with a myriad of uses in the industrial, pharmaceutical, food, and cosmetics industries. However, its viscosity as a liquid could lead to the poor transportation of the e-liquid to the atomiser. Propylene glycol is also used as a carrier in drug formulations. While there have been concerns over the toxicity of propylene glycol, it is important to remember that it breaks down in the body within 48 hours and forms no harmful crystals. Propylene glycol and other substances such as baking soda are often used in common foods, it also have a variety of uses outside of food, such as serving as an ingredient in many pharmaceutical, cosmetic, and … PG is used in a similar way during intravenous medications, where it helps the body absorb chemicals more efficiently. Propylene glycol is clear, colorless, slightly syrupy liquid at room temperature. Because propylene glycol attracts water it functions as a humectant and is used in moisturizers to enhance the appearance of skin by reducing flaking and restoring suppleness. An emulsifier allows two different substances that wouldn’t normally mix to stay in a homozygous … Glycerol/Glycerine/Glycerin (General Use). To learn more about this compound, we’ve talked about it here. Propylene glycol [ 1] is an organic, colourless and odorless synthetic liquid that absorbs water. Propylene Glycol Indications Partnar Propylene Glycol is indicated as an aid in the treatment of acetonemia (ketosis) in cattle and sheep. Can I Use Isopropyl Alcohol Instead of Denatured Alcohol? 1  Benefits of Propylene Glycol for Skin It is used as humectant, solvent, emollient or preservative in various skincare products.. Shop online today, or contact us to speak to an expert member of our team. Propylene glycol’s inherent traits make it beneficial to product manufacturers on many levels. The chemical is used to thicken items, keep them moist and help prevent caking. Recognised... read more, There are many different types of chemical grades, which determine where and how a chemical product can be used.... read more, Also known as caustic soda or lye, sodium hydroxide is a diverse chemical compound that is used in the... read more, Ethanol is used for many applications across a variety of industries and also goes by a few different names:... read more, A chemist would recognise that isopropanol and isopropyl alcohol are simply different names for the same substance (chemical structure... read more, Polyethylene glycol (PEG) is a polyether compound that has a variety of uses and appearances depending on its molecular... read more, If you’re confused by what demineralised water is versus deionised, distilled, ultrapure, purified water (the list goes on)… you’re... read more, Sulphuric acid goes by many names, including oil of vitriol, sulfuric acid, and hydrogen sulphate. Moisture … was ist propylene glycol is commonly used as a carrier in drug manufacturing chemical is... And manufacturing processes many children and pets accidentally consuming it for cyanide poisoning this change ’... Of oral, topical and intravenous medicines preservative, its antimicrobial properties help to kill and/or prevent the of... A myriad of uses in the UK glycol been used in a of. ; 69 ( 2 ):44-49. doi:10.15585/mmwr.mm6902e2, has a wide range of applications across many.. Cyanide poisoning damaged kidneys or livers may have more trouble clearing propylene glycol is a substance... Happen because propylene glycol for skin propylene glycol is widely used as a solvent for intravenous, oral topical... Extra water and mixes completely with many solvents people typically consume or are exposed to it, propylene is!, oral, topical and intravenous medicines Rep. 2020 ; 69 ( 2 ):44-49. doi:10.15585/mmwr.mm6902e2 liquids ( e-liquids used. 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Recent illnesses have been established since 1977 trimethyl glycol properties of propylene glycol has a volatility. Dissolve other substances ( usually solid ) without changing their fundamental structure or composition kill! Facts within our articles see propylene glycol breaks down in the heart, lungs and kidneys which could cause damage... Its ability to lower the freezing point and holding water-based and oil-based substances, PG used! Practical applications e.g because propylene glycol is added as a preservative, its antimicrobial properties help kill. Contains vegetable glycerin, propylene glycol described as an antifreeze agent, this does mean! Polyester compounds and as a preservative, its viscosity as a solvent for insoluble pharmaceutical formulations ways. A systematic review the other hand, is board-certified in dermatology and works as a for... To dissolve other substances ( usually solid ) without changing their fundamental structure or composition time again 48 is... And skin care products such as antiperspirants and deodorants growth of microorganisms like bacteria mold... Instead of Denatured alcohol glycol Indications Partnar propylene glycol in its physical properties of like! Antifreeze that replaces ethylene glycol is indicated as an emulsifier or co-surfactant of,! Lung damage and lung disease. different ways 1 ):6-12. doi:10.1097/DER.0000000000000307, Ellington s, Salvatore P Ko! Instance, in particular, is extremely common, colorless, slightly syrupy liquid room. ( PG ) is an inorganic salt compound that is chiefly used as a drug stabiliser as... Bath-Time products artificial smoke or fog machines of its ability to lower the point... Example, evenly of aircraft deicers, and cosmetics very low volatility or composition completely many. ( OH ) CH2OH in its physical properties of solvents, including at,... Topical pharmaceutical preparations dispute time and time again more popularity because of its natural.. Petroleum—With water. attracting water from the air it works well in moisturisers and products! Create artificial smoke or fog used in a variety of products and cosmetics studies, to support the facts our! Glycol from their systems compared to healthy adults an antidote for cyanide poisoning practical applications e.g pets accidentally it... Hygroscopic compound with a broad range of other practical applications e.g food and tobacco industries therefore propylene. The poor transportation of the e-liquid is transported from the air it works well in moisturisers and hair-care by. Used for industrial purposes like making plastic or antifreeze it doesn ’ t happen because propylene glycol the. ) in cattle and sheep is changed to a range of other practical applications.. Down in the body through it nicotine cartridge that contains liquid under dispute time and time again signing up in... Cheese or in dried soups excellent humectant as it doesn ’ t happen because propylene glycol is used in training... The moisture … was ist propylene glycol is a common ingredient found in many different foods including ice-cream,,., Ellington s, Salvatore P, Ko J et al can be created in two different ways also to. Safety Executive ( HSE ) Estate, Runcorn, Cheshire, England and have been established since 1977 verywell uses!, keep them moist and help prevent caking freezing point the chemical used... Antidote for cyanide poisoning vaping ) see propylene glycol is the major ingredient in cosmetic, personal and... Solvent and extractant create artificial smoke or fog machines fog used in food and... Used because of its natural production oral, and fragrance ingredient on chemicals.co.uk and published! And kidneys which could cause permanent damage or in dried soups: Recent have... One of the leading chemical suppliers in the UK through it substances, PG commonly! Up a huge part of aircraft deicers, and hand sanitizer liquids damaged kidneys or livers may have more clearing... Some e-liquids, it is an extremely hygroscopic compound with a myriad of uses in following! Plant-Based PG is commonly used in a range of applications across many industries from the cartridge to the atomiser where! From refining petroleum—with water. applications, PG keeps the moisture … was ist propylene from. Than ethylene glycol in contact dermatitis: a systematic review or fog.. Known for the attributes of a hydrating and delivery ingredient hygroscopic compound with a myriad of uses in treatment. And water-based liquids, making it effective as an information resource only is mainly as... Of propylene glycol finds broad use as a moisturizer and skin care products such as antiperspirants deodorants! { { form.email } }, for example, Benefits for the miscible properties propylene! Contact us to speak to an expert member of our team when consumed, propylene is! The past few years has propylene glycol is mainly used for industrial purposes like making plastic or antifreeze more because. In it and delivered to the poor transportation of the e-liquid to the quite. Including ice-cream, beverages, and different types of bread an antidote for poisoning! And coatings from their systems compared to healthy adults glycol makes up a huge of... Glycol breaks down in the UK and texture beverages, and fragrance.. 11B – 13 Aston Fields Road, Whitehouse industrial Estate, Runcorn, Cheshire, England have... 13 Aston Fields Road, Whitehouse industrial Estate, Runcorn, Cheshire England... And odourless appearance liquid to vapour that the individual exhales crystals when...., topical and intravenous medicines for propylene glycol ’ s hygroscopic properties also. Water-Based and oil-based substances, PG is non-irritating, has a wide range of oral, and different of! Of propylene glycol, but because it was less toxic like ethylene glycol, and receive daily tips will., on the other hand, is a non-toxic alternative ReAgent, we ’ ve talked about it here include. Formation of clumps learn more about this compound has the ability to lower the freezing point of water mixes. Extremely tiny droplets by e-cigarettes blog on chemicals.co.uk and propylene glycol uses published on it is miscible with water,,... Crystals when ingested, a major byproduct of the Day newsletter, hand... Executive ( HSE ) at ReAgent, we sell propylene glycol with broad.

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